Nigeria

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 6 August 2020

 

Summary

Nigeria has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Geoffrey Onyeama, the minister of foreign affairs of Nigeria, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

In an address to the United Nations earlier that week, Nigeria’s president, Muhammadu Buhari, said: “The crisis in the Korean peninsula underscores the urgency for all member states, guided by the spirit of enthroning a safer and more peaceful world, to ratify without delay the treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons.”

Geoffrey Onyeama, the minister of foreign affairs of Nigeria, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

Nigeria’s instrument of ratification was deposited with the UN secretary-general on 6 August 2020, the 75th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.

In a video message to commemorate the bombing, the Nigerian diplomat Tijjani Muhammad-Bande, speaking in his capacity as the president of the UN General Assembly, called on “all member states to sign and ratify the treaty”.

Nigeria was the equal 41st state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

Nigeria’s federal executive council, chaired by the president, approves the ratification at a meeting in Abuja on 27 November 2019. Photo: NNN

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the treaty, Nigeria submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 20 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, Nigeria has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in September 2020, Buhari urged states that have not yet done so to quickly ratify the treaty for the actualisation of its important objective”.

Campaigners and government officials from West African states meet in Abuja, Nigeria, in 2019 to discuss universalisation of the treaty. Photo: Benjamin Alutoho

 

Treaty negotiations

Nigeria participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Nigeria described the initiation of the treaty-making process as “an epic accomplishment” after almost half a century “of minimal progress” in multilateral efforts to achieve nuclear disarmament.

In its closing statement, Nigeria said: “States both big and small must be united in reminding one another of the overarching need to protect the ecosystem and demonstrate due diligence and consideration for others … Nigeria, and indeed the entire continent of Africa, shall remain a nuclear-free zone.”

Nigeria, Austria, Brazil, Ireland, Mexico, and South Africa comprised a “core group” of states that played a leading role in bringing the negotiations about and ensuring their ultimate success. 

In 2016, Nigeria co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.


Nigerian delegates converse at the UN headquarters in New York in June 2017 during the second round of treaty negotiations. Photo: ICAN

Tijjani Muhammad-Bande, the Nigerian ambassador to the United Nations, briefs the media on 7 July 2017 following the treaty’s adoption. Photo: ICAN

 

Before the negotiations

Nigeria was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 6 August 2020

 

Summary

Nigeria has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Geoffrey Onyeama, the minister of foreign affairs of Nigeria, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

In an address to the United Nations earlier that week, Nigeria’s president, Muhammadu Buhari, said: “The crisis in the Korean peninsula underscores the urgency for all member states, guided by the spirit of enthroning a safer and more peaceful world, to ratify without delay the treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons.”

Geoffrey Onyeama, the minister of foreign affairs of Nigeria, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

Nigeria’s instrument of ratification was deposited with the UN secretary-general on 6 August 2020, the 75th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.

In a video message to commemorate the bombing, the Nigerian diplomat Tijjani Muhammad-Bande, speaking in his capacity as the president of the UN General Assembly, called on “all member states to sign and ratify the treaty”.

Nigeria was the equal 41st state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

Nigeria’s federal executive council, chaired by the president, approves the ratification at a meeting in Abuja on 27 November 2019. Photo: NNN

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the treaty, Nigeria submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 20 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, Nigeria has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in September 2020, Buhari urged states that have not yet done so to quickly ratify the treaty for the actualisation of its important objective”.

Campaigners and government officials from West African states meet in Abuja, Nigeria, in 2019 to discuss universalisation of the treaty. Photo: Benjamin Alutoho

 

Treaty negotiations

Nigeria participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Nigeria described the initiation of the treaty-making process as “an epic accomplishment” after almost half a century “of minimal progress” in multilateral efforts to achieve nuclear disarmament.

In its closing statement, Nigeria said: “States both big and small must be united in reminding one another of the overarching need to protect the ecosystem and demonstrate due diligence and consideration for others … Nigeria, and indeed the entire continent of Africa, shall remain a nuclear-free zone.”

Nigeria, Austria, Brazil, Ireland, Mexico, and South Africa comprised a “core group” of states that played a leading role in bringing the negotiations about and ensuring their ultimate success. 

In 2016, Nigeria co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.


Nigerian delegates converse at the UN headquarters in New York in June 2017 during the second round of treaty negotiations. Photo: ICAN

Tijjani Muhammad-Bande, the Nigerian ambassador to the United Nations, briefs the media on 7 July 2017 following the treaty’s adoption. Photo: ICAN

 

Before the negotiations

Nigeria was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

Achievers University Owo

website


Christian Council of Nigeria

website


Cultural Youth Initiative Movement of Nigeria

website


Global Network for Human Development Nigeria

website


IANSA Women Network-Nigeria

website


Kairos Nigeria

website


Lastborn Humanity and Development Foundation

website


Poverty and Associated Maladies Alleviation Initiative (PAMAI)       

website


Smiles Africa International

website


Society of Nigerian Doctors for the Welfare of Mankind

website


Social Welfare Network Initiative

website


Women's Right to Education Programme

website

[LOCALSUPPORT]

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  • Achievers University Owo

    website

  • Christian Council of Nigeria

    website

  • Cultural Youth Initiative Movement of Nigeria

    website

  • Global Network for Human Development Nigeria

    website

  • IANSA Women Network-Nigeria

    website

  • Kairos Nigeria

    website

  • Lastborn Humanity and Development Foundation

    website

  • Poverty and Associated Maladies Alleviation Initiative (PAMAI)       

    website

  • Smiles Africa International

    website

  • Society of Nigerian Doctors for the Welfare of Mankind

    website

  • Social Welfare Network Initiative

    website

  • Women's Right to Education Programme

    website