Algeria

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Participated in TPNW negotiations

Signed TPNW, not ratified yet

Algeria has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

Abdelkader Messahel, the minister for foreign affairs of Algeria signed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons on 20 September 2017. The government announced in September 2019 that it “intends to ratify the [treaty] as soon as possible”.

Algeria participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and voted in favour of its adoption.

From 1961 to 1967, France conducted 17 nuclear test explosions in Algeria, leaving a legacy of environmental devastation and health problems.


Algeria has hailed the treaty as “a significant asset conducive to the total elimination of nuclear weapons”.

Algeria has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring a UN General Assembly resolution in 2019 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Algeria said that this initiative is “the result of the dedication of all those who are convinced that we have to do something” and “do not want to continue betting on the unbearable risk of annihilating all humanity”.

In 2016, Algeria voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence the negotiations in 2017 on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

Algeria was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

Algeria is a state party to the 1996 Treaty of Pelindaba, which established Africa as a nuclear-weapon-free zone.

Abdelkader Messahel, the minister for foreign affairs of Algeria signed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons on 20 September 2017

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