Libya

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Participated in TPNW negotiations

Has signed TPNW, but not yet ratified

Libya has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

Mohamed Taha Siala, the minister for foreign affairs of Libya, signed the treaty on 20 September 2017. 

Libya participated in the negotiation of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons at the United Nations in New York in 2017 but was absent for the vote on its adoption.

In a statement to the United Nations following the signing ceremony in September 2017, Libya said that “the international community has moved in the right direction by agreeing on a legally binding treaty for the prohibition of nuclear weapons”. It urged “all states to sign and ratify it in order for it to enter into force”.

Libya has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring a UN General Assembly resolution in 2019 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Libya said that the successful conclusion of a treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons would have a “profound impact on our efforts to promote nuclear disarmament”.

Libya was an additional co-sponsor of the UN General Assembly resolution in 2016 that established the formal mandate for states to commence the negotiations in 2017 on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

Libya was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

Libya is a state party to the 1996 Treaty of Pelindaba, which established Africa as a nuclear-weapon-free zone.


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