Lesotho

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

Signed: 26 September 2019

Ratified: 6 June 2020

 

Summary

Lesotho has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Lesego Makgothi, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Lesotho, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony on 26 September 2019. The country’s instrument of ratification was deposited with the UN secretary-general on 6 June 2020.

Lesotho was the 38th state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

Lesego Makgothi, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Lesotho, signs the TPNW in New York on 26 September 2019. Photo: ICAN

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Lesotho submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 18 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Lesotho has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the UN General Assembly in September 2021, the minister of foreign affairs of Lesotho, Matšepo Ramakoae, hailed the TPNW’s entry into force as an “important milestone” and “the pinnacle of worldwide movement to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of the use of nuclear weapons”.

Addressing the United Nations in 2017, the then-prime minister of Lesotho, Thomas Thabane, said that the TPNW’s adoption earlier that year was “a historic achievement of our time” and the treaty “must be ratified and implemented by all”.

 

TPNW negotiations

Lesotho participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In 2016, Lesotho voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Lesotho was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 26 September 2019

Ratified: 6 June 2020

 

Summary

Lesotho has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Lesego Makgothi, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Lesotho, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony on 26 September 2019. The country’s instrument of ratification was deposited with the UN secretary-general on 6 June 2020.

Lesotho was the 38th state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

Lesego Makgothi, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Lesotho, signs the TPNW in New York on 26 September 2019. Photo: ICAN

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Lesotho submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 18 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Lesotho has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the UN General Assembly in September 2021, the minister of foreign affairs of Lesotho, Matšepo Ramakoae, hailed the TPNW’s entry into force as an “important milestone” and “the pinnacle of worldwide movement to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of the use of nuclear weapons”.

Addressing the United Nations in 2017, the then-prime minister of Lesotho, Thomas Thabane, said that the TPNW’s adoption earlier that year was “a historic achievement of our time” and the treaty “must be ratified and implemented by all”.

 

TPNW negotiations

Lesotho participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In 2016, Lesotho voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Lesotho was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

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