Benin

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

SIGNED

26 September 2018

RATIFIED

11 December 2020

IN FORCE

11 March 2021

 

Status

Benin has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), and has been legally bound by it since 11 March 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Hervé Dadjedji Djokpé, the secretary-general of the ministry of foreign affairs of Benin, signed the TPNW in New York on 26 September 2018.

Benin deposited its instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 11 December 2020. The national assembly had passed a law in October 2020 authorising the ratification.

Benin was the 51st state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

Hervé Dadjedji Djokpé, the secretary-general of the foreign ministry of Benin, signs the TPNW in 2018. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation 

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Benin submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 9 April 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, Benin has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In 2018, Benin said that “the existence of nuclear weapons carries with it the risk of their use”, which “is why we consider the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons a step in the right direction”.

 

Meetings of states parties

Benin participated in the first meeting of states parties to the TPNW, held in Vienna in June 2022.

 

TPNW negotiations

Benin participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In 2016, Benin was absent for the vote on the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Benin was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

SIGNED

26 September 2018

RATIFIED

11 December 2020

IN FORCE

11 March 2021

 

Status

Benin has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), and has been legally bound by it since 11 March 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Hervé Dadjedji Djokpé, the secretary-general of the ministry of foreign affairs of Benin, signed the TPNW in New York on 26 September 2018.

Benin deposited its instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 11 December 2020. The national assembly had passed a law in October 2020 authorising the ratification.

Benin was the 51st state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

Hervé Dadjedji Djokpé, the secretary-general of the foreign ministry of Benin, signs the TPNW in 2018. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation 

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Benin submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 9 April 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, Benin has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In 2018, Benin said that “the existence of nuclear weapons carries with it the risk of their use”, which “is why we consider the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons a step in the right direction”.

 

Meetings of states parties

Benin participated in the first meeting of states parties to the TPNW, held in Vienna in June 2022.

 

TPNW negotiations

Benin participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In 2016, Benin was absent for the vote on the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Benin was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

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