Egypt

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Voted in favour of adopting TPNW

Has not yet joined TPNW

Egypt has not yet signed or ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

Egypt participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and voted in favour of its adoption.


In a statement to the United Nations in September 2017, Egypt described the adoption of the “landmark treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons” as a remarkable development and a clear sign “that the circumstances have changed on the international stage”.

Egypt voted in favour of a UN General Assembly resolution in 2019 that welcomed the adoption of the treaty and called upon “all states that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, accept, approve, or accede to the treaty at the earliest possible date”.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Egypt said that the treaty should “formalize the categorical rejection of the possession and use of nuclear weapons” and “solidify the international denunciation of nuclear weapons”.

In 2016, Egypt was an additional co-sponsor of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence the negotiations in 2017 on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

Egypt was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

Egypt is a signatory to the 1996 Treaty of Pelindaba, which established Africa as a nuclear-weapon-free zone.

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