Nuclear-armed state

6,375 nuclear weapons

715 nuclear tests

Has not yet joined TPNW

Russia can launch its nuclear weapons from missiles, submarines, and airplanes. The former Soviet Union tested 715 nuclear weapons from 1949-1990, at the Semipalatinsk Test Site in modern-day Kazakhstan and across modern-day Russia. 

In 2019, Russia spent an estimated $8.5 billion to build and maintain its nuclear weapons.

Russia did not participate in negotiations of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons and has not yet signed or ratified it.

The minister for foreign affairs of Russia, Sergey Lavrov, said in November 2019 that the goal of eliminating nuclear weapons cannot be achieved “by the unilateral and rather arrogant methods on which this document is based”.

Russia voted against a UN General Assembly resolution in 2019 that welcomed the adoption of the treaty and called upon “all states that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, accept, approve, or accede to the treaty at the earliest possible date”.

Ahead of the commencement of the negotiating conference in March 2017, Lavrov said: “Efforts to coerce nuclear powers to abandon nuclear weapons have intensified significantly recently. It is absolutely clear that the time has not yet come for that.”

In 2016, Russia voted against the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence the negotiations in 2017 on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

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