Palestine

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

SIGNED

20 September 2017

RATIFIED

22 March 2018

IN FORCE

22 January 2021

 

Status

Palestine has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Riad Al-Malki, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Palestine, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony in New York when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017. The country’s instrument of ratification was deposited with the UN secretary-general on 22 March 2018.

Palestine was the sixth state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

In a statement to the United Nations in October 2020, Palestine said that it was “proud to have participated in the elaboration of the historic Treaty on the Prohibition of of Nuclear Weapons and to have been among the first to ratify it”.

Riad Al-Malki, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Palestine, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: ICAN

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Palestine submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 21 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

It noted, however, that Palestine remains a state under occupation, and the occupying power [Israel] bears full and sole responsibility for any actions in relation to its unlawful nuclear programme undertaken in the Occupied Palestinian Territory ....

 

Meetings of states parties

Palestine participated in the first meeting of states parties to the TPNW, held in Vienna in June 2022. It hailed the TPNW’s entry into force and the convening of the first meeting of states parties as a “victory” for multilateralism, the United Nations charter, and international law.

 

TPNW negotiations

Palestine participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Palestine observed: “We are the first species to ever develop the instruments of its own extinction. But doomsday is not inevitable and the power of collective will should never be underestimated.”

In its closing statement, it described the new treaty as “an expression of the power of collective will” and “an essential contribution to international peace and security”.

Palestine said in October 2019 that it was “proud to have participated in and actively contributed to the elaboration of the landmark and historic treaty”.

 

Before the negotiations

Palestine was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

SIGNED

20 September 2017

RATIFIED

22 March 2018

IN FORCE

22 January 2021

 

Status

Palestine has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Riad Al-Malki, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Palestine, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony in New York when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017. The country’s instrument of ratification was deposited with the UN secretary-general on 22 March 2018.

Palestine was the sixth state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

In a statement to the United Nations in October 2020, Palestine said that it was “proud to have participated in the elaboration of the historic Treaty on the Prohibition of of Nuclear Weapons and to have been among the first to ratify it”.

Riad Al-Malki, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Palestine, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: ICAN

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Palestine submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 21 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

It noted, however, that Palestine remains a state under occupation, and the occupying power [Israel] bears full and sole responsibility for any actions in relation to its unlawful nuclear programme undertaken in the Occupied Palestinian Territory ....

 

Meetings of states parties

Palestine participated in the first meeting of states parties to the TPNW, held in Vienna in June 2022. It hailed the TPNW’s entry into force and the convening of the first meeting of states parties as a “victory” for multilateralism, the United Nations charter, and international law.

 

TPNW negotiations

Palestine participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Palestine observed: “We are the first species to ever develop the instruments of its own extinction. But doomsday is not inevitable and the power of collective will should never be underestimated.”

In its closing statement, it described the new treaty as “an expression of the power of collective will” and “an essential contribution to international peace and security”.

Palestine said in October 2019 that it was “proud to have participated in and actively contributed to the elaboration of the landmark and historic treaty”.

 

Before the negotiations

Palestine was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

Palestinian Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War 

website

[LOCALSUPPORT]