Czech Republic

Nuclear-weapon endorser

Has not yet joined the TPNW

Summary

The Czech Republic has not yet signed or ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It supports the retention and potential use of nuclear weapons on its behalf, as indicated by its endorsement of various alliance statements of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), of which it is a member.

 

National position

The Czech Republic has consistently voted against an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that welcomes the adoption of the treaty and calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to it “at the earliest possible date”.

 

Political developments

Jan Kavan, a former Czech foreign minister and former president of the UN General Assembly, was among the signatories to an open letter in September 2020 calling on current leaders to “show courage and boldness – and join the treaty”.

 

Treaty negotiations

The Czech Republic did not participate in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and thus did not vote on its adoption. On the opening day of the negotiating conference, it joined the United States and several other states in protesting the treaty-making process.

In 2016, the Czech Republic voted against the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

In a document sent to NATO members ahead of the vote, the United States “strongly encourage[d]” members, including the Czech Republic, to vote against the resolution, “not to merely abstain”. In addition, it said that, if the treaty negotiations do commence, allies and partners should “refrain from joining them”.

Nuclear-weapon endorser

Has not yet joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Summary

The Czech Republic has not yet signed or ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It supports the retention and potential use of nuclear weapons on its behalf, as indicated by its endorsement of various alliance statements of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), of which it is a member.

 

National position

The Czech Republic has consistently voted against an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that welcomes the adoption of the treaty and calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to it “at the earliest possible date”.

 

Political developments

Jan Kavan, a former Czech foreign minister and former president of the UN General Assembly, was among the signatories to an open letter in September 2020 calling on current leaders to “show courage and boldness – and join the treaty”.

 

Treaty negotiations

The Czech Republic did not participate in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and thus did not vote on its adoption. On the opening day of the negotiating conference, it joined the United States and several other states in protesting the treaty-making process.

In 2016, the Czech Republic voted against the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

In a document sent to NATO members ahead of the vote, the United States “strongly encourage[d]” members, including the Czech Republic, to vote against the resolution, “not to merely abstain”. In addition, it said that, if the treaty negotiations do commence, allies and partners should “refrain from joining them”.

[PARTNERS]

Physicians for Global Security

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