Malta

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

Signed: 25 August 2020

Ratified: 21 September 2020

 

Summary

Malta has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Vanessa Frazier, the permanent representative of Malta to the United Nations, signed the treaty on 25 August 2020. The country’s instrument of ratification was deposited with the UN secretary-general on 21 September 2020.

Vanessa Frazier, the permanent representative of Malta to the United Nations, signs the treaty in New York on 25 August 2020. Photo: Malta MFA

The foreign ministry said that its signature of “this important treaty continues to underscore Malta’s unwavering commitment towards nuclear non-proliferation, and highlights its commitment towards achieving prosperity through peace”.

Malta’s ratification of the treaty coincided with a high-level meeting of the UN General Assembly to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the United Nations. It also coincided with Malta’s Independence Day.

The foreign ministry said that the goal a world free of nuclear weapons is “a guiding principle of Malta’s foreign policy” and its ratification is testament to its commitment to global disarmament, which is “crucial to securing a safer future for all and for future generations”.

Malta was the 45th state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

Malta’s prime minister, Robert Abela, addresses the UN General Assembly on 21 September 2020, the day of his country’s ratification. Photo: UN Photo

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the treaty, Malta submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 27 January 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Malta has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

The minister of foreign affairs of Malta, Evarist Bartolo, said in February 2021 that the treaty has strengthened the global norm against the worst weapons of mass destruction”, and it is our duty to promote the benefits of such treaty, help fight misconceptions about it, and ensure that its obligations are adhered to”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Malta participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In 2016, Malta co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Malta was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 25 August 2020

Ratified: 21 September 2020

 

Summary

Malta has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Vanessa Frazier, the permanent representative of Malta to the United Nations, signed the treaty on 25 August 2020. The country’s instrument of ratification was deposited with the UN secretary-general on 21 September 2020.

Vanessa Frazier, the permanent representative of Malta to the United Nations, signs the treaty in New York on 25 August 2020. Photo: Malta MFA

The foreign ministry said that its signature of “this important treaty continues to underscore Malta’s unwavering commitment towards nuclear non-proliferation, and highlights its commitment towards achieving prosperity through peace”.

Malta’s ratification of the treaty coincided with a high-level meeting of the UN General Assembly to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the United Nations. It also coincided with Malta’s Independence Day.

The foreign ministry said that the goal a world free of nuclear weapons is “a guiding principle of Malta’s foreign policy” and its ratification is testament to its commitment to global disarmament, which is “crucial to securing a safer future for all and for future generations”.

Malta was the 45th state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

Malta’s prime minister, Robert Abela, addresses the UN General Assembly on 21 September 2020, the day of his country’s ratification. Photo: UN Photo

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the treaty, Malta submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 27 January 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Malta has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

The minister of foreign affairs of Malta, Evarist Bartolo, said in February 2021 that the treaty has strengthened the global norm against the worst weapons of mass destruction”, and it is our duty to promote the benefits of such treaty, help fight misconceptions about it, and ensure that its obligations are adhered to”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Malta participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In 2016, Malta co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Malta was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

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