Indonesia

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

Signed: 20 September 2017

 

Summary

Indonesia has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

 

Signature

Retno Marsudi, the minister of foreign affairs of Indonesia, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

A spokesperson for the Indonesian foreign ministry said in August 2020 that the government is committed to Indonesia’s ratification of the treaty, and “there is positive support from various stakeholders at the national level.

In a statement marking the entry into force of the treaty in January 2021, Indonesia said that it is very hopeful that, by the time that the first meeting of states parties is held early [in 2022], Indonesia will be joining as a state party.


Retno Marsudi, the minister of foreign affairs of Indonesia, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

Stakeholders participate in a roundtable meeting in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, in 2020 to discuss Indonesia’s ratification of the treaty. Photo: IIS-UGM

 

Universalisation

Indonesia has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In October 2020, Marsudi said that the early entry into force and universalisation of the treaty “must be pursued”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Indonesia participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Indonesia argued for “a shift in the principles of nuclear disarmament” to emphasise the “humanitarian imperative” and “render the deterrence doctrine obsolete”. It described the conference as “the culmination of decades of international endeavours on nuclear disarmament”.

In its closing statement, Indonesia celebrated the fact that after “extensive negotiations” states were able to agree on a text that, while imperfect in its view, is “significantly crucial in our efforts toward nuclear disarmament”.

In 2016, Indonesia co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Indonesia was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

In July 2013, a regional roundtable meeting was held in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, with officials, academics, and campaigners from across Southeast Asia to discuss “the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons and the prospects for a ban”.

Students from the Universitas Gadjah Mada in Yogyakarta demonstrate their support for a global ban on nuclear weapons in 2015. Credit: ISS-UGM

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 20 September 2017

 

Summary

Indonesia has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

 

Signature

Retno Marsudi, the minister of foreign affairs of Indonesia, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

A spokesperson for the Indonesian foreign ministry said in August 2020 that the government is committed to Indonesia’s ratification of the treaty, and “there is positive support from various stakeholders at the national level.

In a statement marking the entry into force of the treaty in January 2021, Indonesia said that it is very hopeful that, by the time that the first meeting of states parties is held early [in 2022], Indonesia will be joining as a state party.


Retno Marsudi, the minister of foreign affairs of Indonesia, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

Stakeholders participate in a roundtable meeting in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, in 2020 to discuss Indonesia’s ratification of the treaty. Photo: IIS-UGM

 

Universalisation

Indonesia has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In October 2020, Marsudi said that the early entry into force and universalisation of the treaty “must be pursued”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Indonesia participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Indonesia argued for “a shift in the principles of nuclear disarmament” to emphasise the “humanitarian imperative” and “render the deterrence doctrine obsolete”. It described the conference as “the culmination of decades of international endeavours on nuclear disarmament”.

In its closing statement, Indonesia celebrated the fact that after “extensive negotiations” states were able to agree on a text that, while imperfect in its view, is “significantly crucial in our efforts toward nuclear disarmament”.

In 2016, Indonesia co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Indonesia was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

In July 2013, a regional roundtable meeting was held in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, with officials, academics, and campaigners from across Southeast Asia to discuss “the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons and the prospects for a ban”.

Students from the Universitas Gadjah Mada in Yogyakarta demonstrate their support for a global ban on nuclear weapons in 2015. Credit: ISS-UGM

[PARTNERS]

Institute of International Studies UGM

website

[LOCALSUPPORT]