Indonesia

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

SIGNED

20 September 2017

RATIFIED

 

IN FORCE

 

 

Status

Indonesia has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW).

 

Signature

Retno Marsudi, the minister of foreign affairs of Indonesia, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony in New York when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

A spokesperson for the Indonesian foreign ministry said in August 2020 that the government is committed to Indonesia’s ratification of the treaty, and “there is positive support from various stakeholders at the national level.

In a statement marking the entry into force of the TPNW in January 2021, Indonesia said that it is very hopeful that, by the time that the first meeting of states parties is held early [in 2022], Indonesia will be joining as a state party.


Retno Marsudi, the minister of foreign affairs of Indonesia, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: ICAN

Stakeholders participate in a roundtable meeting in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, in 2020 to discuss Indonesia’s ratification of the TPNW. Photo: IIS-UGM

 

Universalisation

Indonesia has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the UN General Assembly in September 2021, Marsudi described the TPNW’s entry into force as “a very important milestone”, providing a “legal framework to delegitimise nuclear weapons” and raising “moral barriers against their threat”. She called on “countries that have not signed the treaty to do so and be part of the positive force towards global nuclear disarmament”.

 

Meetings of states parties

Indonesia attended as an observer the first meeting of states parties to the TPNW, held in Vienna in June 2022. “Indonesia is proud to join this notable day, to be part of the right side of history,” it said. “Nuclear disarmament remains our shared highest priority.”

Referring to its ongoing process to ratify the treaty, Indonesia noted that it “has already established supportive laws and regulations to accommodate the treaty into our national regulation system”.

 

TPNW negotiations

Indonesia participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption. It served as a vice-president of the bureau.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Indonesia argued for “a shift in the principles of nuclear disarmament” to emphasise the “humanitarian imperative” and “render the deterrence doctrine obsolete”. It described the conference as “the culmination of decades of international endeavours on nuclear disarmament”.

In its closing statement, Indonesia celebrated the fact that after “extensive negotiations” states were able to agree on a text that, while imperfect in its view, is “significantly crucial in our efforts toward nuclear disarmament”.

In 2016, Indonesia co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Indonesia was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

In 2013, a regional roundtable meeting was held in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, with officials, academics, and campaigners from across Southeast Asia to discuss “the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons and the prospects for a ban”.

Students from the Universitas Gadjah Mada in Yogyakarta demonstrate their support for a global ban on nuclear weapons in 2015. Credit: ISS-UGM

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

SIGNED

20 September 2017

RATIFIED

 

IN FORCE

 

 

Status

Indonesia has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW).

 

Signature

Retno Marsudi, the minister of foreign affairs of Indonesia, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony in New York when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

A spokesperson for the Indonesian foreign ministry said in August 2020 that the government is committed to Indonesia’s ratification of the treaty, and “there is positive support from various stakeholders at the national level.

In a statement marking the entry into force of the TPNW in January 2021, Indonesia said that it is very hopeful that, by the time that the first meeting of states parties is held early [in 2022], Indonesia will be joining as a state party.


Retno Marsudi, the minister of foreign affairs of Indonesia, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: ICAN

Stakeholders participate in a roundtable meeting in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, in 2020 to discuss Indonesia’s ratification of the TPNW. Photo: IIS-UGM

 

Universalisation

Indonesia has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the UN General Assembly in September 2021, Marsudi described the TPNW’s entry into force as “a very important milestone”, providing a “legal framework to delegitimise nuclear weapons” and raising “moral barriers against their threat”. She called on “countries that have not signed the treaty to do so and be part of the positive force towards global nuclear disarmament”.

 

Meetings of states parties

Indonesia attended as an observer the first meeting of states parties to the TPNW, held in Vienna in June 2022. “Indonesia is proud to join this notable day, to be part of the right side of history,” it said. “Nuclear disarmament remains our shared highest priority.”

Referring to its ongoing process to ratify the treaty, Indonesia noted that it “has already established supportive laws and regulations to accommodate the treaty into our national regulation system”.

 

TPNW negotiations

Indonesia participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption. It served as a vice-president of the bureau.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Indonesia argued for “a shift in the principles of nuclear disarmament” to emphasise the “humanitarian imperative” and “render the deterrence doctrine obsolete”. It described the conference as “the culmination of decades of international endeavours on nuclear disarmament”.

In its closing statement, Indonesia celebrated the fact that after “extensive negotiations” states were able to agree on a text that, while imperfect in its view, is “significantly crucial in our efforts toward nuclear disarmament”.

In 2016, Indonesia co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Indonesia was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

In 2013, a regional roundtable meeting was held in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, with officials, academics, and campaigners from across Southeast Asia to discuss “the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons and the prospects for a ban”.

Students from the Universitas Gadjah Mada in Yogyakarta demonstrate their support for a global ban on nuclear weapons in 2015. Credit: ISS-UGM

[PARTNERS]

Institute of International Studies UGM

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[LOCALSUPPORT]