India

Nuclear-armed state

150 nuclear weapons

3 nuclear tests

Has not yet joined TPNW

India can launch its nuclear weapons from missiles and likely aircraft and may be able to  launch nuclear weapons from submarines. India has conducted nuclear tests on two occasions in 1974 and 1998.

In 2019, India spent an estimated $2.3 billion to build and maintain its nuclear weapons.

India did not participate in the negotiation of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons has not yet signed or ratified it.

India voted against a UN General Assembly resolution in 2019 that welcomed the adoption of the treaty and called upon “all states that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, accept, approve, or accede to the treaty at the earliest possible date”.

In 2016, India abstained from voting on the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence the negotiations in 2017 on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.