India

Nuclear-armed state

Possesses 156 nuclear weapons

Has not yet joined the TPNW

Summary

India has not yet signed or ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

 

Nuclear-weapon programme

India possesses approximately 156 nuclear weapons, which it can launch from missiles and, most likely, aircraft. It may also be able to launch them from submarines.

In 2020, India spent an estimated $2.4 billion to build and maintain its nuclear weapons.

India conducted a total of three nuclear tests in 1974 and 1998.

 

National position

India has consistently voted against an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that welcomes the adoption of the treaty and calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to it “at the earliest possible date”.

 

Treaty negotiations

India did not participate in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and thus did not vote on its adoption.

In 2016, India abstained from voting on the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

ICAN campaigners criticise the decision of nuclear-armed states, including India, to boycott the treaty negotiations in 2017. Photo: ICAN

Kumar Sundaram, an ICAN campaigner from India, speaks at a conference on the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons in Mexico in 2014. Photo: ICAN

Nuclear-armed state

Possesses 156 nuclear weapons

Has not yet joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Summary

India has not yet signed or ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

 

Nuclear-weapon programme

India possesses approximately 156 nuclear weapons, which it can launch from missiles and, most likely, aircraft. It may also be able to launch them from submarines.

In 2020, India spent an estimated $2.4 billion to build and maintain its nuclear weapons.

India conducted a total of three nuclear tests in 1974 and 1998.

 

National position

India has consistently voted against an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that welcomes the adoption of the treaty and calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to it “at the earliest possible date”.

 

Treaty negotiations

India did not participate in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and thus did not vote on its adoption.

In 2016, India abstained from voting on the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

ICAN campaigners criticise the decision of nuclear-armed states, including India, to boycott the treaty negotiations in 2017. Photo: ICAN

Kumar Sundaram, an ICAN campaigner from India, speaks at a conference on the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons in Mexico in 2014. Photo: ICAN

[PARTNERS]

Indian Doctors for Peace and Development

website


Indian Institute for Peace, Disarmament and Environmental Protection

website


Popular Education and Action Centre

website


South Asian Democratic Union

NADAM FOUNDATION

website


Poovulagin Nanbargal

website


Youth for Peace International

website

[LOCALSUPPORT]

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