El Salvador

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

SIGNED

20 September 2017

RATIFIED

30 January 2019

IN FORCE

22 January 2021

 

Status

El Salvador has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Hugo Martínez, the then-minister of foreign affairs of El Salvador, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony in New York when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017. Rubén Escalante, the then-permanent representative of El Salvador to the UN, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 30 January 2019.

El Salvador was the 21st state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

Hugo Martínez, the then-minister of foreign affairs of El Salvador, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: ICAN

Rubén Escalante, the then-permanent representative of El Salvador to the UN, deposits the instrument of ratification in 2019. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, El Salvador submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 1 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, El Salvador has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in 2020, El Salvador encouraged all states that have not yet ratified the TPNW “to accelerate their internal processes” to become states parties.

 

TPNW negotiations

El Salvador participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

Speaking on behalf of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, El Salvador said at the conclusion of the negotiating conference that the TPNW’s adoption was a “break from the status quo” and would pave the way to “a peaceful and safer, nuclear-weapon-free world”.

In 2016, El Salvador co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

El Salvador was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

SIGNED

20 September 2017

RATIFIED

30 January 2019

IN FORCE

22 January 2021

 

Status

El Salvador has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Hugo Martínez, the then-minister of foreign affairs of El Salvador, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony in New York when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017. Rubén Escalante, the then-permanent representative of El Salvador to the UN, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 30 January 2019.

El Salvador was the 21st state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

Hugo Martínez, the then-minister of foreign affairs of El Salvador, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: ICAN

Rubén Escalante, the then-permanent representative of El Salvador to the UN, deposits the instrument of ratification in 2019. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, El Salvador submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 1 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, El Salvador has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in 2020, El Salvador encouraged all states that have not yet ratified the TPNW “to accelerate their internal processes” to become states parties.

 

TPNW negotiations

El Salvador participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

Speaking on behalf of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, El Salvador said at the conclusion of the negotiating conference that the TPNW’s adoption was a “break from the status quo” and would pave the way to “a peaceful and safer, nuclear-weapon-free world”.

In 2016, El Salvador co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

El Salvador was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

Salvadorian Physicians for Social Responsibility 

website


Survivors Network and People with Disability Foundation

website

[LOCALSUPPORT]