El Salvador

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 30 January 2019

 

Summary

El Salvador has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Hugo Martínez, the then-minister of foreign affairs of El Salvador, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017. Rubén Escalante, the then-permanent representative of El Salvador to the UN, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 30 January 2019.

El Salvador was the 21st state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

Hugo Martínez, the then-minister of foreign affairs of El Salvador, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

Rubén Escalante, the then-permanent representative of El Salvador to the UN, deposits the ratification on 30 January 2019. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the treaty, El Salvador submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 1 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

El Salvador has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in October 2020, El Salvador encouraged all states that have not yet ratified the treaty “to accelerate their internal processes” to become states parties.

 

Treaty negotiations

El Salvador participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

Speaking on behalf of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, El Salvador said at the conclusion of the negotiating conference that the treaty’s adoption was a “break from the status quo” and would pave the way to “a peaceful and safer, nuclear-weapon-free world”.

In 2016, El Salvador co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

El Salvador was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 30 January 2019

 

Summary

El Salvador has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Hugo Martínez, the then-minister of foreign affairs of El Salvador, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017. Rubén Escalante, the then-permanent representative of El Salvador to the UN, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 30 January 2019.

El Salvador was the 21st state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

Hugo Martínez, the then-minister of foreign affairs of El Salvador, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

Rubén Escalante, the then-permanent representative of El Salvador to the UN, deposits the ratification on 30 January 2019. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the treaty, El Salvador submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 1 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

El Salvador has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in October 2020, El Salvador encouraged all states that have not yet ratified the treaty “to accelerate their internal processes” to become states parties.

 

Treaty negotiations

El Salvador participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

Speaking on behalf of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, El Salvador said at the conclusion of the negotiating conference that the treaty’s adoption was a “break from the status quo” and would pave the way to “a peaceful and safer, nuclear-weapon-free world”.

In 2016, El Salvador co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

El Salvador was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

Salvadorian Physicians for Social Responsibility 

website


Survivors Network and People with Disability Foundation

website

[LOCALSUPPORT]