Albania

Nuclear-weapon endorser

Did not participate in TPNW negotiations

Has not yet joined the TPNW

Albania supports the retention and potential use of nuclear weapons on its behalf, as indicated by its endorsement of various alliance statements of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), of which it is a member.

Albania has not yet signed or ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It did not participate in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and thus did not vote on its adoption.

Albania boycotted the TPNW negotiations, has not adhered to the Treaty, and is not in compliance with all of the prohibitions in Article 1. Albania may sign and ratify the TPNW, but would have to make changes to its policies and practices to become compliant.

Albania voted against a UN General Assembly resolution in 2018 that welcomed the adoption of the treaty and called upon “all states that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, accept, approve, or accede to the treaty at the earliest possible date”.

On the opening day of the TPNW negotiating conference in 2017, Albania joined the United States and several other states in protesting the treaty-making process.

In a “non-paper” sent to NATO members ahead of the vote at the negotiating conference, the United States “strongly encourage[d]” members, including Albania, to vote against the resolution, “not to merely abstain”. In addition, it said that, if the treaty negotiations do commence, allies and partners should "refrain from joining them”.

In 2016, Albania voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence the negotiations in 2017 on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”. However it later informed the UN secretariat that it had intended to vote against the resolution.

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