Venezuela

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 27 March 2018

 

Summary

Venezuela has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Jorge Arreaza, the minister of foreign affairs of Venezuela, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

In an address to the United Nations following the signing ceremony, he said that Venezuela had chosen to sign the treaty because it strongly opposes “the existence of nuclear weapons on our planet”, which “presents to humanity unjustifiable and unimaginable anguish and risks”.

Samuel Moncada, the permanent representative of Venezuela to the United Nations, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 27 March 2018. Venezuela was the 7th state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

Jorge Arreaza, the minister of foreign affairs of Venezuela, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

Samuel Moncada, the permanent representative of Venezuela to the United Nations, deposits the ratification on 27 March 2018. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the treaty, Venezuela submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 19 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, Venezuela has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In October 2019, it encouraged “countries that have not signed or ratified [the treaty] to join this important effort to strengthen the disarmament and non-proliferation regime”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Venezuela participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Venezuela said that “we hope together to achieve a solid and robust final document that prohibits nuclear weapons as a preliminary step to their total and complete elimination”.

In its closing statement, it said that any use of nuclear weapons is a crime against humanity, and added: “No security doctrine, no national interest of any country, no military bloc could justify the mass killing of human beings nor the destruction of the planet. The logic of life and peace should prevail.”

In 2016, Venezuela co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Venezuela was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 27 March 2018

 

Summary

Venezuela has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Jorge Arreaza, the minister of foreign affairs of Venezuela, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

In an address to the United Nations following the signing ceremony, he said that Venezuela had chosen to sign the treaty because it strongly opposes “the existence of nuclear weapons on our planet”, which “presents to humanity unjustifiable and unimaginable anguish and risks”.

Samuel Moncada, the permanent representative of Venezuela to the United Nations, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 27 March 2018. Venezuela was the 7th state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

Jorge Arreaza, the minister of foreign affairs of Venezuela, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

Samuel Moncada, the permanent representative of Venezuela to the United Nations, deposits the ratification on 27 March 2018. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the treaty, Venezuela submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 19 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, Venezuela has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In October 2019, it encouraged “countries that have not signed or ratified [the treaty] to join this important effort to strengthen the disarmament and non-proliferation regime”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Venezuela participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Venezuela said that “we hope together to achieve a solid and robust final document that prohibits nuclear weapons as a preliminary step to their total and complete elimination”.

In its closing statement, it said that any use of nuclear weapons is a crime against humanity, and added: “No security doctrine, no national interest of any country, no military bloc could justify the mass killing of human beings nor the destruction of the planet. The logic of life and peace should prevail.”

In 2016, Venezuela co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Venezuela was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

[LOCALSUPPORT]