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Has yet signed and ratified the TPNW
Venezuela has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.
Jorge Arreaza, the minister for foreign affairs of Venezuela, signed the treaty on 20 September 2017. Samuel Moncada, the permanent representative of Venezuela to the United Nations, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 27 March 2018.
In an address to the United Nations following the signing ceremony in September 2017, Arreaza said that Venezuela had chosen to sign the treaty because it strongly opposes “the existence of nuclear weapons on our planet”, which “presents to humanity unjustifiable and unimaginable anguish and risks”.
Venezuela participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and voted in favour of its adoption.
Venezuela has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring a UN General Assembly resolution in 2019 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.
In October 2019, it encouraged “countries that have not signed or ratified [the treaty] to join this important effort to strengthen the disarmament and non-proliferation regime”.
In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Venezuela said that “we hope together to achieve a solid and robust final document that prohibits nuclear weapons as a preliminary step to their total and complete elimination”.
In 2016, Venezuela was a co-sponsor of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence the negotiations in 2017 on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.
Venezuela was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.
Venezuela is a state party to the 1967 Treaty of Tlatelolco, which established Latin America and the Caribbean as a nuclear-weapon-free zone.
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