Uruguay

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

SIGNED

20 September 2017

RATIFIED

25 July 2018

IN FORCE

22 January 2021

 

Status

Uruguay has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Elbio Rosselli, the then-permanent representative of Uruguay to the United Nations, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony in New York when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

In an address to the United Nations following the signing ceremony, the minister of foreign affairs of Uruguay, Rodolfo Nin Novoa, called on “all countries to sign this instrument, which aims to ensure a decent life for future generations”.

Rosselli deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 25 July 2018. Uruguay was the 13th state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

Elbio Rosselli, the then-permanent representative of Uruguay to the United Nations, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: ICAN

Rosselli deposits the instrument of ratification in 2018. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Uruguay submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 3 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Uruguay has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in September 2019, Uruguay urged “all states who have not yet done so to accede and ratify”. In October 2021, it welcomed the TPNW’s entry into force as “a milestone in nuclear disarmament” and “a significant commitment to international peace and security”.

 

TPNW negotiations

Uruguay participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its closing statement to the negotiating conference, Uruguay said that, although it will still take some time to eliminate all nuclear weapons, “we have made very clear and put in writing that nuclear weapons are illegal, and we are committed to their abolition”.

In 2016, Uruguay co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Uruguay was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

In December 2012, a Latin American regional roundtable meeting was held in Punta del Este, Uruguay, to discuss the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

SIGNED

20 September 2017

RATIFIED

25 July 2018

IN FORCE

22 January 2021

 

Status

Uruguay has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Elbio Rosselli, the then-permanent representative of Uruguay to the United Nations, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony in New York when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

In an address to the United Nations following the signing ceremony, the minister of foreign affairs of Uruguay, Rodolfo Nin Novoa, called on “all countries to sign this instrument, which aims to ensure a decent life for future generations”.

Rosselli deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 25 July 2018. Uruguay was the 13th state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

Elbio Rosselli, the then-permanent representative of Uruguay to the United Nations, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: ICAN

Rosselli deposits the instrument of ratification in 2018. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Uruguay submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 3 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Uruguay has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in September 2019, Uruguay urged “all states who have not yet done so to accede and ratify”. In October 2021, it welcomed the TPNW’s entry into force as “a milestone in nuclear disarmament” and “a significant commitment to international peace and security”.

 

TPNW negotiations

Uruguay participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its closing statement to the negotiating conference, Uruguay said that, although it will still take some time to eliminate all nuclear weapons, “we have made very clear and put in writing that nuclear weapons are illegal, and we are committed to their abolition”.

In 2016, Uruguay co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Uruguay was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

In December 2012, a Latin American regional roundtable meeting was held in Punta del Este, Uruguay, to discuss the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons.

[PARTNERS]

Asociación de Lucha para el Desarme Civil

website


International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War 

website

[LOCALSUPPORT]