Timor-Leste

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

SIGNED

26 September 2018

RATIFIED

 

IN FORCE

 

 

Status

Timor-Leste has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW).

 

Signature

Dionisio Da Costa Babo Soares, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Timor-Leste, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony in New York on 26 September 2018.

Adaljíza Magno, the current minister of foreign affairs, announced in 2020 that Timor-Leste is working to conclude its internal procedures for ratification of the treaty. The government reiterated this in 2021.

In February 2022, the council of ministers of Timor-Leste approved a draft resolution to ratify the TPNW, and the national parliament adopted it with unanimous support on 25 April 2022.

Speaking in support of the resolution, Magno said: “We know the consequence of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings and we don’t want the world to experience the same thing.”

José Agostinho Sequeira, the president of the parliamentary committee on security, defence, and foreign affairs, hailed it as a significant move in the campaign to abolish nuclear weapons.

Dionisio Da Costa Babo Soares, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Timor-Leste, signs the TPNW in 2018. Photo: ICAN

The national parliament approves ratification of the TPNW in April 2022. Photo: Parliament of Timor-Leste

 

Universalisation

Timor-Leste has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the UN General Assembly in 2021, Timor-Leste encouraged all states that have not yet done so to become parties to the TPNW. It hailed the treaty’s entry into force as “an extraordinary achievement and a step towards the eventual elimination of nuclear weapons”.

In 2019, Timor-Leste said that it views the TPNW “as an important international norm for peace, our collective security, and preservation of human life”.

 

TPNW negotiations

Timor-Leste participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In 2016, Timor-Leste voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Timor-Leste was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

SIGNED

26 September 2018

RATIFIED

 

IN FORCE

 

 

Status

Timor-Leste has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW).

 

Signature

Dionisio Da Costa Babo Soares, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Timor-Leste, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony in New York on 26 September 2018.

Adaljíza Magno, the current minister of foreign affairs, announced in 2020 that Timor-Leste is working to conclude its internal procedures for ratification of the treaty. The government reiterated this in 2021.

In February 2022, the council of ministers of Timor-Leste approved a draft resolution to ratify the TPNW, and the national parliament adopted it with unanimous support on 25 April 2022.

Speaking in support of the resolution, Magno said: “We know the consequence of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings and we don’t want the world to experience the same thing.”

José Agostinho Sequeira, the president of the parliamentary committee on security, defence, and foreign affairs, hailed it as a significant move in the campaign to abolish nuclear weapons.

Dionisio Da Costa Babo Soares, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Timor-Leste, signs the TPNW in 2018. Photo: ICAN

The national parliament approves ratification of the TPNW in April 2022. Photo: Parliament of Timor-Leste

 

Universalisation

Timor-Leste has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the UN General Assembly in 2021, Timor-Leste encouraged all states that have not yet done so to become parties to the TPNW. It hailed the treaty’s entry into force as “an extraordinary achievement and a step towards the eventual elimination of nuclear weapons”.

In 2019, Timor-Leste said that it views the TPNW “as an important international norm for peace, our collective security, and preservation of human life”.

 

TPNW negotiations

Timor-Leste participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In 2016, Timor-Leste voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Timor-Leste was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

[LOCALSUPPORT]