Philippines

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 18 February 2021

 

Summary

The Philippines has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

 

Signature and ratification

Alan Peter Cayetano, the then-secretary for foreign affairs of the Philippines, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017. Urging nuclear-armed states to sign the treaty, he said: “If we listen to each other, we will hear the same thing. We have no need for nuclear weapons.”

In September 2020, the president of the Philippines, Rodrigo Duterte, announced in a video statement to the UN General Assembly that he had “asked the Philippine senate to ratify the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons”. The senate provided its concurrence on 1 February 2021.

The country’s instrument of ratification was deposited with the UN secretary-general on 18 February 2021. The Philippines was the 53rd state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

Alan Peter Cayetano, the then-secretary for foreign affairs of the Philippines, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Credit: UNOLA

 

Implementation

The Philippines has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in 2019, the Philippines hailed the treaty as “a landmark agreement that fortifies the nuclear disarmament architecture” and “delegitimises once and for all the use of nuclear weapons”. 

The Center for Peace Education at Miriam College, an ICAN partner organisation in the Philippines, promotes adherence to the treaty in 2019. Photo: CPE

 

Treaty negotiations

The Philippines participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, the Philippines said that it attaches “great importance” to the cause of disarmament, as the country’s constitution “mandates us to adopt and pursue a policy of freedom from nuclear weapons in our territory”.

It said that it is cognisant of “present geopolitical realities”, and it is precisely because of these realities that we must work to free the world of nuclear weapons: “There will never be a better time than now to discuss the prohibition of such weapons.”

In 2016, the Philippines co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

Bayani S. Mercado, the head of the Philippine delegation to the negotiating conference for the treaty, delivers a statement in June 2017. Credit: ICAN

Loreta Castro, an ICAN campaigner from the Philippines, delivers a statement during the treaty negotiations in June 2017. Photo: ICAN

 

Before the negotiations

The Philippines was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

In 2014, a regional roundtable meeting was held in Tagaytay, the Philippines, with officials, academics, and campaigners from across Southeast Asia to discuss “the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons and the prospects for a ban”.

Officials and campaigners from across Southeast Asia meet in the Philippines in 2014 to discuss the prospects for a ban on nuclear weapons. Photo: CPE

Students from the Medical Action Group in the Philippines show their support for ICAN at a hospital in Manila in 2013. Credit: ICAN

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 18 February 2021

 

Summary

The Philippines has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

 

Signature and ratification

Alan Peter Cayetano, the then-secretary for foreign affairs of the Philippines, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017. Urging nuclear-armed states to sign the treaty, he said: “If we listen to each other, we will hear the same thing. We have no need for nuclear weapons.”

In September 2020, the president of the Philippines, Rodrigo Duterte, announced in a video statement to the UN General Assembly that he had “asked the Philippine senate to ratify the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons”. The senate provided its concurrence on 1 February 2021.

The country’s instrument of ratification was deposited with the UN secretary-general on 18 February 2021. The Philippines was the 53rd state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

Alan Peter Cayetano, the then-secretary for foreign affairs of the Philippines, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Credit: UNOLA

 

Implementation

The Philippines has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in 2019, the Philippines hailed the treaty as “a landmark agreement that fortifies the nuclear disarmament architecture” and “delegitimises once and for all the use of nuclear weapons”. 

The Center for Peace Education at Miriam College, an ICAN partner organisation in the Philippines, promotes adherence to the treaty in 2019. Photo: CPE

 

Treaty negotiations

The Philippines participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, the Philippines said that it attaches “great importance” to the cause of disarmament, as the country’s constitution “mandates us to adopt and pursue a policy of freedom from nuclear weapons in our territory”.

It said that it is cognisant of “present geopolitical realities”, and it is precisely because of these realities that we must work to free the world of nuclear weapons: “There will never be a better time than now to discuss the prohibition of such weapons.”

In 2016, the Philippines co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

Bayani S. Mercado, the head of the Philippine delegation to the negotiating conference for the treaty, delivers a statement in June 2017. Credit: ICAN

Loreta Castro, an ICAN campaigner from the Philippines, delivers a statement during the treaty negotiations in June 2017. Photo: ICAN

 

Before the negotiations

The Philippines was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

In 2014, a regional roundtable meeting was held in Tagaytay, the Philippines, with officials, academics, and campaigners from across Southeast Asia to discuss “the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons and the prospects for a ban”.

Officials and campaigners from across Southeast Asia meet in the Philippines in 2014 to discuss the prospects for a ban on nuclear weapons. Photo: CPE

Students from the Medical Action Group in the Philippines show their support for ICAN at a hospital in Manila in 2013. Credit: ICAN

[PARTNERS]

Philippine Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

website


Center for Peace Education

website


Medical Action Group

website

[LOCALSUPPORT]