Peru

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

Signed: 20 September 2017

 

Summary

Peru has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

 

Signature

Antonio García Revilla, the director-general of multilateral and global affairs at the foreign ministry of Peru, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

In September 2020, the president of Peru, Martín Vizcarra, announced in a video message to the UN General Assembly that Peru is in the process of ratifying the treaty, “convinced that the prohibition of nuclear weapons and tests continues to be a moral imperative for the planet and the human species”.

On the occasion of the treaty’s entry into force in January 2021, Peru said that it “is making all efforts to complete domestic procedures for its swift ratification”.

Antonio García Revilla, a director-general at the foreign ministry of Peru, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

 

Universalisation

Peru has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in 2017, Peru said that it hopes “that all states possessing [nuclear] weapons will join this instrument”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Peru participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Peru said: “What does not exist cannot cause harm. Nuclear weapons simply should not exist.”

It expressed regret in its closing statement that the final treaty text did not contain an explicit prohibition on the transit of nuclear weapons through areas under a state’s jurisdiction, but it accepted that “in a process like this it is impossible to cover the concerns of all states”.

In 2016, Peru co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Peru was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 20 September 2017

 

Summary

Peru has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

 

Signature

Antonio García Revilla, the director-general of multilateral and global affairs at the foreign ministry of Peru, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

In September 2020, the president of Peru, Martín Vizcarra, announced in a video message to the UN General Assembly that Peru is in the process of ratifying the treaty, “convinced that the prohibition of nuclear weapons and tests continues to be a moral imperative for the planet and the human species”.

On the occasion of the treaty’s entry into force in January 2021, Peru said that it “is making all efforts to complete domestic procedures for its swift ratification”.

Antonio García Revilla, a director-general at the foreign ministry of Peru, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

 

Universalisation

Peru has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in 2017, Peru said that it hopes “that all states possessing [nuclear] weapons will join this instrument”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Peru participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Peru said: “What does not exist cannot cause harm. Nuclear weapons simply should not exist.”

It expressed regret in its closing statement that the final treaty text did not contain an explicit prohibition on the transit of nuclear weapons through areas under a state’s jurisdiction, but it accepted that “in a process like this it is impossible to cover the concerns of all states”.

In 2016, Peru co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Peru was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

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