Pakistan

Nuclear-armed state

160 nuclear weapons

2 nuclear tests

Has not yet joined TPNW

Pakistan can launch nuclear weapons from missiles and airplanes and is working on being able to launch them from submarines. Pakistan has conducted two nuclear tests in 1998. 

In 2019, Pakistan spent an estimated $1 billion to build and maintain its nuclear weapons.

Pakistan did not participate in the negotiations of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons and has not yet signed or ratified it.

Pakistan voted against a UN General Assembly resolution in 2019 that welcomed the adoption of the treaty and called upon “all states that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, accept, approve, or accede to the treaty at the earliest possible date”.

In 2016, Pakistan abstained from voting on the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence the negotiations in 2017 on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.