Nicaragua

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

SIGNED

22 September 2017

RATIFIED

19 July 2018

IN FORCE

22 January 2021

 

Status

Nicaragua has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

María Rubiales de Chamorro, the vice-minister for foreign affairs of Nicaragua, signed the TPNW in New York on 22 September 2017. She deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 19 July 2018.

Nicaragua was the 12th state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

María Rubiales de Chamorro, the vice-minister for foreign affairs of Nicaragua, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: UNOLA

Rubiales de Chamorro deposits the instrument of ratification in 2018. Photo: UNOLA

In a statement to the United Nations in October 2021, Nicaragua “welcome[d] with satisfaction the entry into force of the historic [TPNW], which prohibits for the first time the existence, use, and threat of the use of nuclear weapons”.

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Nicaragua submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 13 January 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Nicaragua has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

 

TPNW negotiations

Nicaragua participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 but was absent for the vote on its adoption.

In 2016, Nicaragua abstained from voting on the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Nicaragua was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

SIGNED

22 September 2017

RATIFIED

19 July 2018

IN FORCE

22 January 2021

 

Status

Nicaragua has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

María Rubiales de Chamorro, the vice-minister for foreign affairs of Nicaragua, signed the TPNW in New York on 22 September 2017. She deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 19 July 2018.

Nicaragua was the 12th state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

María Rubiales de Chamorro, the vice-minister for foreign affairs of Nicaragua, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: UNOLA

Rubiales de Chamorro deposits the instrument of ratification in 2018. Photo: UNOLA

In a statement to the United Nations in October 2021, Nicaragua “welcome[d] with satisfaction the entry into force of the historic [TPNW], which prohibits for the first time the existence, use, and threat of the use of nuclear weapons”.

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Nicaragua submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 13 January 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Nicaragua has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

 

TPNW negotiations

Nicaragua participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 but was absent for the vote on its adoption.

In 2016, Nicaragua abstained from voting on the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Nicaragua was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

Nicaraguan Society of Physicians for Peace and Defense of Life 

website

[LOCALSUPPORT]