Nepal

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

Signed: 20 September 2017

 

Summary

Nepal has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

 

Signature

Krishna Bahadur Mahara, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Nepal, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

In an address to the United Nations following the signing ceremony, the then-prime minister of Nepal, Sher Bahadur Deuba, described his country’s signature as “a step towards nuclear disarmament” and warned that “the vicious race for weapons of mass destruction continues to threaten the world”.

The government announced in October 2019 that it “has initiated the necessary domestic procedures to ratify the treaty”. In October 2020, it said that it “is committed to ratifying the treaty at the earliest possible [time]”.

Krishna Bahadur Mahara, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Nepal, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

 

Universalisation

Nepal has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in September 2019, the minister for foreign affairs of Nepal, Pradeep Kumar Gyawali, called upon “all countries to sign and ratify [the treaty] for its early entry into force”.

Nepalese campaigners hold an event to celebrate the treaty's entry into force on 22 January 2021 and to encourage their government to ratify the treaty. Photo: FNB

 

Treaty negotiations

Nepal participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In 2016, Nepal voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Prior to the adoption of the treaty in 2017, nuclear weapons were the only weapons of mass destruction not subject to a comprehensive, globally applicable treaty prohibition. Nepal supported calls in the UN General Assembly fill this “legal gap”.

ICAN campaigners from across South Asia meet in Kathmandu, Nepal, in 2014 to discuss the need for a ban on nuclear weapons. Photo: ICAN

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 20 September 2017

 

Summary

Nepal has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

 

Signature

Krishna Bahadur Mahara, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Nepal, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

In an address to the United Nations following the signing ceremony, the then-prime minister of Nepal, Sher Bahadur Deuba, described his country’s signature as “a step towards nuclear disarmament” and warned that “the vicious race for weapons of mass destruction continues to threaten the world”.

The government announced in October 2019 that it “has initiated the necessary domestic procedures to ratify the treaty”. In October 2020, it said that it “is committed to ratifying the treaty at the earliest possible [time]”.

Krishna Bahadur Mahara, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Nepal, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

 

Universalisation

Nepal has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in September 2019, the minister for foreign affairs of Nepal, Pradeep Kumar Gyawali, called upon “all countries to sign and ratify [the treaty] for its early entry into force”.

Nepalese campaigners hold an event to celebrate the treaty's entry into force on 22 January 2021 and to encourage their government to ratify the treaty. Photo: FNB

 

Treaty negotiations

Nepal participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In 2016, Nepal voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Prior to the adoption of the treaty in 2017, nuclear weapons were the only weapons of mass destruction not subject to a comprehensive, globally applicable treaty prohibition. Nepal supported calls in the UN General Assembly fill this “legal gap”.

ICAN campaigners from across South Asia meet in Kathmandu, Nepal, in 2014 to discuss the need for a ban on nuclear weapons. Photo: ICAN

[PARTNERS]

Ban Landmines Campaign Nepal 

Forum for Nation Building

website


Literary Academy for Dalit of Nepal

Nepal Physicians for Social Responsibility

website


Rural Women's Network Nepal 

website


Women for Peace and Democracy Nepal (WPD Nepal) 

website

[LOCALSUPPORT]

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  • Ban Landmines Campaign Nepal 
  • Forum for Nation Building

    website

  • Literary Academy for Dalit of Nepal
  • Nepal Physicians for Social Responsibility

    website

  • Rural Women's Network Nepal 

    website

  • Women for Peace and Democracy Nepal (WPD Nepal) 

    website