Mongolia

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

ACCEDED

10 December 2021

IN FORCE

10 March 2022

 

Status

Mongolia has acceded to the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), and has been legally bound by it since 10 March 2022.

 

Accession

Mongolia deposited its instrument of accession with the UN secretary-general on 10 December 2021. A draft law to accede to the TPNW was adopted by the parliament on 22 October 2021.

In introducing the draft law, Battsetseg Batmunkh, the minister of foreign affairs of Mongolia, said that joining the TPNW would strengthen Mongolia’s position on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation and “meet the fundamental interests of national security”.

Mongolia was the 57th state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

Battsetseg Batmunkh, the minister of foreign affairs of Mongolia, introduces a draft law to the parliament to accede to the TPNW in 2021. Photo: Parliament of Mongolia

 

Implementation

Per Article 12, Mongolia has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the UN General Assembly in September 2021, Mongolia said that the TPNW’s entry into force “set a milestone in the international efforts in banning these disastrous weapons”, and the treaty will be “instrumental” in eliminating nuclear weapons.

 

TPNW negotiations

Mongolia participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Mongolia expressed its hope that the treaty-making process would “establish a strong, robust but effective legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

Following the treaty’s adoption, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Mongolia, Tsend Munkh-Orgil, welcomed the new agreement, noting that “[c]urrent tensions have only deepened the concern associated with nuclear weapons”.

In 2016, Mongolia voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Mongolia was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

ACCEDED

10 December 2021

IN FORCE

10 March 2022

 

Status

Mongolia has acceded to the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), and has been legally bound by it since 10 March 2022.

 

Accession

Mongolia deposited its instrument of accession with the UN secretary-general on 10 December 2021. A draft law to accede to the TPNW was adopted by the parliament on 22 October 2021.

In introducing the draft law, Battsetseg Batmunkh, the minister of foreign affairs of Mongolia, said that joining the TPNW would strengthen Mongolia’s position on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation and “meet the fundamental interests of national security”.

Mongolia was the 57th state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

Battsetseg Batmunkh, the minister of foreign affairs of Mongolia, introduces a draft law to the parliament to accede to the TPNW in 2021. Photo: Parliament of Mongolia

 

Implementation

Per Article 12, Mongolia has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the UN General Assembly in September 2021, Mongolia said that the TPNW’s entry into force “set a milestone in the international efforts in banning these disastrous weapons”, and the treaty will be “instrumental” in eliminating nuclear weapons.

 

TPNW negotiations

Mongolia participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Mongolia expressed its hope that the treaty-making process would “establish a strong, robust but effective legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

Following the treaty’s adoption, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Mongolia, Tsend Munkh-Orgil, welcomed the new agreement, noting that “[c]urrent tensions have only deepened the concern associated with nuclear weapons”.

In 2016, Mongolia voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Mongolia was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

Mongolian Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War 

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