Fiji

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has ratified the TPNW


Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 7 July 2020

 

Summary

Fiji has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and voted in favour of its adoption.

 

Signature and ratification

Frank Bainimarama, the prime minister of Fiji, signed the treaty on 20 September 2017. The permanent representative of Fiji to the United Nations, Satyendra Prasad, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 7 July 2020, the third anniversary of the treaty's adoption.

Prasad said: “Pacific islanders continue to be exposed to nuclear radiation. Nuclear explosions, we know very well, do not observe national borders, they don’t respect visa regimes, nor does nuclear waste respect time – it remains for generations.”

Fiji ratification TPNW

Universalisation

Fiji voted in favour of a UN General Assembly resolution in 2019 that welcomed the adoption of the treaty and called upon “all states that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, accept, approve, or accede to the treaty at the earliest possible date”.

 

Negotiations

In its first statement to the negotiating conference in 2017, Fiji called for “a commitment to provide assistance to victims [of the use and testing of nuclear weapons] and environmental redress for Pacific islanders who have lost much as a result of nuclear testing”.

 

Pre-negotiations

In 2016, Fiji was an additional co-sponsor of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence the negotiations in 2017 on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

Fiji was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

Fiji, together with Nauru, Palau, Samoa, and Tuvalu, submitted a working paper to a UN working group in Geneva in 2016 in which they argued that “the debate should no longer be about whether a global ban on nuclear weapons is necessary, but rather how we can achieve it and what provisions it should contain”.

The five Pacific island states commented that the lived experience of nuclear weapons in the Pacific, where more than 300 atomic and hydrogen bombs were tested, has motivated them to work for a treaty-based ban.

 

Other information

Fiji is a state party to the 1985 Treaty of Rarotonga, which established the South Pacific as a nuclear-weapon-free zone.

 

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