Cuba

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has ratified the TPNW

Cuba has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla, the minister for foreign affairs of Cuba, signed the treaty on 20 September 2017. Anayansi Rodríguez Camejo, the permanent representative of Cuba to the United Nations, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 30 January 2018.

Addressing the United Nations after the signing ceremony in September 2017, Rodríguez said: “We all share the common responsibility to preserve the existence of human beings in the face of a nuclear threat. An important contribution to the achievement of that goal was the historic adoption of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.”

Cuba participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and voted in favour of its adoption.

Cuba has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring a UN General Assembly resolution in 2019 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”. Cuba has called for the ratification of the treaty “in order to achieve its prompt entry into force”.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Cuba said that the ultimate objective of the treaty “must be the total elimination of nuclear weapons”, which is “even more relevant in the current context” of global insecurity and lack of progress in nuclear disarmament.

In 2016, Cuba voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence the negotiations in 2017 on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

Cuba was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

Cuba is a state party to the 1967 Treaty of Tlatelolco, which established Latin America and the Caribbean as a nuclear-weapon-free zone.