China

Nuclear-armed state

290 nuclear weapons

45 nuclear tests

Has not yet joined the TPNW

China can launch its nuclear weapons from missiles, submarines, and airplanes. It has conducted 45 nuclear tests in China from 1964-1996.

China did not participate in the negotiations of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons and has not yet signed or ratified it.

China voted against a UN General Assembly resolution in 2019 that welcomed the adoption of the treaty and called upon “all states that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, accept, approve, or accede to the treaty at the earliest possible date”. In 2016, China abstained from voting on the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence the negotiations in 2017 on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.