Chile

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 23 September 2021

 

Summary

Chile has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), and is legally bound by it from 22 December 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Michelle Bachelet, the then-president of Chile, signed the TPNW when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

The minister of foreign affairs of Chile, Andrés Allamand, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 23 September 2021. Chile was the 56th state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

The chamber of deputies of the national congress of Chile had approved ratification of the TPNW on 24 June 2021 and the senate had approved it on 24 August 2021.

Michelle Bachelet, the then-president of Chile, signs the TPNW in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Chile submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 23 September 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, Chile has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in 2018, Chile said that the TPNW “seeks to eliminate the last category of weapons of mass destruction not explicitly prohibited by a legally binding instrument, and that, in our view, opens a promising path in the common goal of a planet free of nuclear weapons, strengthening and complementing the current legal architecture on this field”.

In February 2021, Chile described TPNW’s entry into force as one of the most important milestones on our path towards global and complete disarmament.

 

TPNW negotiations

Chile participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Chile said that the treaty-making process had come about as a result of the determined efforts of civil society and “a coalition of peace-loving states that do not want to remain indifferent to the humanitarian consequences of a possible use of nuclear weapons”.

In its closing statement, it recalled that the very first resolution of the UN General Assembly, adopted in January 1946, had sought the total elimination of nuclear weapons, and added: “We have today lived an historic moment.”

In 2016, Chile co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Chile was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 23 September 2021

 

Summary

Chile has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), and is legally bound by it from 22 December 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Michelle Bachelet, the then-president of Chile, signed the TPNW when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

The minister of foreign affairs of Chile, Andrés Allamand, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 23 September 2021. Chile was the 56th state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

The chamber of deputies of the national congress of Chile had approved ratification of the TPNW on 24 June 2021 and the senate had approved it on 24 August 2021.

Michelle Bachelet, the then-president of Chile, signs the TPNW in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Chile submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 23 September 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, Chile has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in 2018, Chile said that the TPNW “seeks to eliminate the last category of weapons of mass destruction not explicitly prohibited by a legally binding instrument, and that, in our view, opens a promising path in the common goal of a planet free of nuclear weapons, strengthening and complementing the current legal architecture on this field”.

In February 2021, Chile described TPNW’s entry into force as one of the most important milestones on our path towards global and complete disarmament.

 

TPNW negotiations

Chile participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Chile said that the treaty-making process had come about as a result of the determined efforts of civil society and “a coalition of peace-loving states that do not want to remain indifferent to the humanitarian consequences of a possible use of nuclear weapons”.

In its closing statement, it recalled that the very first resolution of the UN General Assembly, adopted in January 1946, had sought the total elimination of nuclear weapons, and added: “We have today lived an historic moment.”

In 2016, Chile co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Chile was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

CEHUM-Aletheia

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Instituto de Ecologia Politica

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[LOCALSUPPORT]