Bolivia

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

Signed: 16 April 2018

Ratified: 6 August 2019

 

Summary

Bolivia has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Evo Morales, the then-president of Bolivia, signed the TPNW in New York on 16 April 2018. Sacha Sergio Llorentty Solíz, the permanent representative of Bolivia to the United Nations, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 6 August 2019.

Bolivia was the 25th state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

Evo Morales, the then-president of Bolivia, signs the TPNW in New York on 16 April 2018. Photo: UNOLA

Bolivia said that it chose to ratify the TPNW on 6 August, the 74th anniversary of the US atomic bombing of Hiroshima, so as not to forget those who lost their lives in the attack. The date is also Bolivia’s independence day.

Sacha Sergio Llorentty Solíz, the permanent representative of Bolivia to the United Nations, deposits the instrument of ratification on 6 August 2019. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Bolivia submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 18 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, Bolivia has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the first committee of the UN General Assembly in October 2020, Bolivia reiterated its call for states to join the TPNW. In September 2021, it welcomed the treaty’s entry into force, stating that it “gives us hope that one day nuclear weapons will be eliminated in their entirety”.

Sacha Sergio Llorentty Solíz, the permanent representative of Bolivia to the United Nations, participates in a workshop to promote ratification of the TPNW in 2019.

 

TPNW negotiations

Bolivia participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its closing statement to the negotiating conference, Bolivia said that, as a “pacifist state”, it rejects “the manufacture of nuclear weapons”.

In 2016, Bolivia voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Bolivia was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 16 April 2018

Ratified: 6 August 2019

 

Summary

Bolivia has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Evo Morales, the then-president of Bolivia, signed the TPNW in New York on 16 April 2018. Sacha Sergio Llorentty Solíz, the permanent representative of Bolivia to the United Nations, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 6 August 2019.

Bolivia was the 25th state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

Evo Morales, the then-president of Bolivia, signs the TPNW in New York on 16 April 2018. Photo: UNOLA

Bolivia said that it chose to ratify the TPNW on 6 August, the 74th anniversary of the US atomic bombing of Hiroshima, so as not to forget those who lost their lives in the attack. The date is also Bolivia’s independence day.

Sacha Sergio Llorentty Solíz, the permanent representative of Bolivia to the United Nations, deposits the instrument of ratification on 6 August 2019. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Bolivia submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 18 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, Bolivia has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the first committee of the UN General Assembly in October 2020, Bolivia reiterated its call for states to join the TPNW. In September 2021, it welcomed the treaty’s entry into force, stating that it “gives us hope that one day nuclear weapons will be eliminated in their entirety”.

Sacha Sergio Llorentty Solíz, the permanent representative of Bolivia to the United Nations, participates in a workshop to promote ratification of the TPNW in 2019.

 

TPNW negotiations

Bolivia participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its closing statement to the negotiating conference, Bolivia said that, as a “pacifist state”, it rejects “the manufacture of nuclear weapons”.

In 2016, Bolivia voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Bolivia was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

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[LOCALSUPPORT]