Vietnam

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

SIGNED

22 September 2017

RATIFIED

17 May 2018

IN FORCE

22 January 2021

 

Status

Vietnam has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Pham Binh Minh, the deputy prime minister and minister of foreign affairs of Vietnam, signed the TPNW in New York on 22 September 2017.

In an address to the United Nations that day, Minh said that the adoption of the TPNW was “a historic milestone towards a world free of nuclear weapons”. He added: “Let us all be clear: the danger of nuclear weapons still looms over mankind as long as they exist.”

Nguyen Phuong Nga, the permanent representative of Vietnam to the United Nations, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 17 May 2018. Vietnam was the 10th state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

Pham Binh Minh, the deputy prime minister and minister of foreign affairs of Vietnam, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: UNOLA

Nguyen Phuong Nga, the permanent representative of Vietnam to the United Nations, deposits the instrument of ratification in 2018. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Vietnam submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 19 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Vietnam has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in October 2021, Vietnam said that the TPNW “completes the total ban on all weapons of mass destruction” and pledged to work with all partners to achieve its universalisation.

 

TPNW negotiations

Vietnam participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Vietnam argued that “the current global context with complex developments makes the achievement of a world free from nuclear arms all the more urgent”. It said that the time is ripe “for us to show our determination and find out the right solutions to prohibit these most destructive weapons”.

In 2016, Vietnam co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Vietnam was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

SIGNED

22 September 2017

RATIFIED

17 May 2018

IN FORCE

22 January 2021

 

Status

Vietnam has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Pham Binh Minh, the deputy prime minister and minister of foreign affairs of Vietnam, signed the TPNW in New York on 22 September 2017.

In an address to the United Nations that day, Minh said that the adoption of the TPNW was “a historic milestone towards a world free of nuclear weapons”. He added: “Let us all be clear: the danger of nuclear weapons still looms over mankind as long as they exist.”

Nguyen Phuong Nga, the permanent representative of Vietnam to the United Nations, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 17 May 2018. Vietnam was the 10th state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

Pham Binh Minh, the deputy prime minister and minister of foreign affairs of Vietnam, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: UNOLA

Nguyen Phuong Nga, the permanent representative of Vietnam to the United Nations, deposits the instrument of ratification in 2018. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Vietnam submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 19 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Vietnam has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in October 2021, Vietnam said that the TPNW “completes the total ban on all weapons of mass destruction” and pledged to work with all partners to achieve its universalisation.

 

TPNW negotiations

Vietnam participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Vietnam argued that “the current global context with complex developments makes the achievement of a world free from nuclear arms all the more urgent”. It said that the time is ripe “for us to show our determination and find out the right solutions to prohibit these most destructive weapons”.

In 2016, Vietnam co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Vietnam was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

[LOCALSUPPORT]