TPNW Informal Working Group: Universalisation
At the First Meeting of States Parties, an informal working group was established to take forward intersessional work related to universalisation of the TPNW. Under Article 12 of the treaty, states parties must “encourage States not party to this Treaty to sign, ratify, accept, approve or accede to the Treaty, with the goal of universal adherence of all States to the Treaty”. Through the informal working group, states parties exchange information and develop recommendations to be considered at future meetings of states parties and review conferences, with the co-chairs reporting regularly to the coordinating committee.
In Vienna, TPNW states parties resolved “to make universalisation efforts a priority”, vowing not to rest “until the last state has joined the Treaty”. They emphasised that universalisation should be “understood broadly” to include not only further signatures and ratifications, but also greater acceptance of “the underlying rationale of the total elimination of nuclear weapons owing to their inherent risks and catastrophic humanitarian consequences”. Moreover, it should “serve as a strategy to maximise the authority of the core norms and principles of the Treaty in international politics”.
The Vienna Action Plan lists 14 actions for universalisation, including making diplomatic démarches and outreach visits to the capitals of non-parties, providing technical support for states to complete their ratification processes, and highlighting the importance of the treaty in national and regional statements, and coordinating outreach efforts with partners such as the United Nations, the International Committee of the Red Cross and ICAN. The states parties agreed to nominate national focal points to facilitate this work.
Malaysia and South Africa