Paraguay

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 23 January 2020

 

Summary

Paraguay has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

Signature and ratification

Eladio Ramón Loizaga Lezcano, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Paraguay, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

In an address to the United Nations on the day of the signing, the then-president of Paraguay, Horacio Cartes, said: “In Paraguay, a constitutional provision bans weapons of mass destruction. Consequently, our country commends the recent adoption of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.”

Eladio Ramón Loizaga Lezcano, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Paraguay, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

The congress of Paraguay approved the country’s ratification of the treaty in November 2019, and Julio César Arriola Ramírez, the permanent representative of Paraguay to the United Nations, deposited the instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 23 January 2020.

Paraguay was the 35th state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

Julio César Arriola Ramírez, the permanent representative of Paraguay to the United Nations, deposits the instrument of ratification on 23 January 2020. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the treaty, Paraguay submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 19 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, Paraguay has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in October 2020, Paraguay said that the standard set by the treaty provides a basis “for future negotiations that could eventually allow the full elimination of these weapons in a verifiable and irreversible manner”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Paraguay participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its closing statement to the negotiating conference, Paraguay welcomed the treaty’s adoption, noting that the prohibition of weapons of mass destruction is enshrined in its national constitution.

In 2016, Paraguay co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Paraguay was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 23 January 2020

 

Summary

Paraguay has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

Signature and ratification

Eladio Ramón Loizaga Lezcano, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Paraguay, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

In an address to the United Nations on the day of the signing, the then-president of Paraguay, Horacio Cartes, said: “In Paraguay, a constitutional provision bans weapons of mass destruction. Consequently, our country commends the recent adoption of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.”

Eladio Ramón Loizaga Lezcano, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Paraguay, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

The congress of Paraguay approved the country’s ratification of the treaty in November 2019, and Julio César Arriola Ramírez, the permanent representative of Paraguay to the United Nations, deposited the instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 23 January 2020.

Paraguay was the 35th state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

Julio César Arriola Ramírez, the permanent representative of Paraguay to the United Nations, deposits the instrument of ratification on 23 January 2020. Photo: UNOLA

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the treaty, Paraguay submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 19 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, Paraguay has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in October 2020, Paraguay said that the standard set by the treaty provides a basis “for future negotiations that could eventually allow the full elimination of these weapons in a verifiable and irreversible manner”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Paraguay participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its closing statement to the negotiating conference, Paraguay welcomed the treaty’s adoption, noting that the prohibition of weapons of mass destruction is enshrined in its national constitution.

In 2016, Paraguay co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Paraguay was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

ALUDEC (Asociación de Lucha para el Desarme Civil)

[LOCALSUPPORT]