Myanmar

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

Signed: 26 September 2018

 

Summary

Myanmar has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

 

Signature

U Kyaw Tin, the minister for international cooperation of Myanmar, signed the treaty at a high-level ceremony on 26 September 2018.

Myanmar’s legislature, the Assembly of the Union, approved signature of the treaty earlier that month at the recommendation of the president, U Win Myint. In a debate, lawmakers said that signing the treaty would enhance Myanmar’s image abroad.

A lower-house lawmaker, representing the military, said that it would clear up doubts as to whether Myanmar is developing nuclear weapons, while an upper-house lawmaker said: “By signing the treaty, Myanmar will be recognised by international countries as a responsible country.”

The government of Myanmar announced in October 2019 that it is “actively considering” ratification of the treaty. It has “strongly encourage[d] fellow [UN] member countries to join the treaty to demonstrate political will towards nuclear disarmament”.

It reiterated in October 2020 that it is “considering progressively for ratification” of the treaty.

U Kyaw Tin, the minister for international cooperation of Myanmar, signs the treaty in New York on 26 September 2018. Photo: ICAN

 

Universalisation

Myanmar has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Myanmar participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Myanmar said that the successful implementation of the treaty would “be a long-term process and require political commitment”, and it would “further revitalise nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation initiatives at the United Nations”.

In 2016, Myanmar voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Prior to the adoption of the treaty in 2017, nuclear weapons were the only weapons of mass destruction not subject to a comprehensive, globally applicable treaty prohibition. Myanmar supported calls in the UN General Assembly fill this “legal gap”.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 26 September 2018

 

Summary

Myanmar has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

 

Signature

U Kyaw Tin, the minister for international cooperation of Myanmar, signed the treaty at a high-level ceremony on 26 September 2018.

Myanmar’s legislature, the Assembly of the Union, approved signature of the treaty earlier that month at the recommendation of the president, U Win Myint. In a debate, lawmakers said that signing the treaty would enhance Myanmar’s image abroad.

A lower-house lawmaker, representing the military, said that it would clear up doubts as to whether Myanmar is developing nuclear weapons, while an upper-house lawmaker said: “By signing the treaty, Myanmar will be recognised by international countries as a responsible country.”

The government of Myanmar announced in October 2019 that it is “actively considering” ratification of the treaty. It has “strongly encourage[d] fellow [UN] member countries to join the treaty to demonstrate political will towards nuclear disarmament”.

It reiterated in October 2020 that it is “considering progressively for ratification” of the treaty.

U Kyaw Tin, the minister for international cooperation of Myanmar, signs the treaty in New York on 26 September 2018. Photo: ICAN

 

Universalisation

Myanmar has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Myanmar participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Myanmar said that the successful implementation of the treaty would “be a long-term process and require political commitment”, and it would “further revitalise nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation initiatives at the United Nations”.

In 2016, Myanmar voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Prior to the adoption of the treaty in 2017, nuclear weapons were the only weapons of mass destruction not subject to a comprehensive, globally applicable treaty prohibition. Myanmar supported calls in the UN General Assembly fill this “legal gap”.

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