Maldives

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

Signed: 26 September 2019

Ratified: 26 September 2019

 

Summary

The Maldives has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Abdulla Shahid, the minister of foreign affairs of the Maldives, signed the treaty at a high-level ceremony on 26 September 2019. He deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on the same day.

He remarked that the Maldives had decided to join the treaty because of its “commitment as a [UN] member state to the principles enshrined in the UN charter and also because the well-being, prosperity, and advancement of humanity is a collective responsibility of all”.

The Maldives was the equal 28th state to ratify or accede to the treaty.


Abdulla Shahid, the minister of foreign affairs of the Maldives, signs the treaty in New York on 26 September 2019. Photo: ICAN

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the treaty, the Maldives submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 22 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

The Maldives has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement marking the treatys entry into force in January 2021, the Maldives described the treaty as “a clear manifestation of the importance attached by the international community to find common solutions”, and called on all states that have not yet joined it to do so.

 

Treaty negotiations

The Maldives did not formally participate in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was not counted among the 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption. However, following the vote, it informed the UN secretariat that it had intended to vote in favour.

In an address to the United Nations in September 2017, the then-minister of foreign affairs of the Maldives, Mohamed Asim, described the treaty as “the most important pledge that the international community has made in the relentless pursuit of a nuclear-free world”.

In 2016, the Maldives voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Prior to the adoption of the treaty in 2017, nuclear weapons were the only weapons of mass destruction not subject to a comprehensive, globally applicable treaty prohibition. The Maldives supported calls in the UN General Assembly fill this “legal gap”.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 26 September 2019

Ratified: 26 September 2019

 

Summary

The Maldives has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Abdulla Shahid, the minister of foreign affairs of the Maldives, signed the treaty at a high-level ceremony on 26 September 2019. He deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on the same day.

He remarked that the Maldives had decided to join the treaty because of its “commitment as a [UN] member state to the principles enshrined in the UN charter and also because the well-being, prosperity, and advancement of humanity is a collective responsibility of all”.

The Maldives was the equal 28th state to ratify or accede to the treaty.


Abdulla Shahid, the minister of foreign affairs of the Maldives, signs the treaty in New York on 26 September 2019. Photo: ICAN

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the treaty, the Maldives submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 22 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

The Maldives has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement marking the treatys entry into force in January 2021, the Maldives described the treaty as “a clear manifestation of the importance attached by the international community to find common solutions”, and called on all states that have not yet joined it to do so.

 

Treaty negotiations

The Maldives did not formally participate in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was not counted among the 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption. However, following the vote, it informed the UN secretariat that it had intended to vote in favour.

In an address to the United Nations in September 2017, the then-minister of foreign affairs of the Maldives, Mohamed Asim, described the treaty as “the most important pledge that the international community has made in the relentless pursuit of a nuclear-free world”.

In 2016, the Maldives voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Prior to the adoption of the treaty in 2017, nuclear weapons were the only weapons of mass destruction not subject to a comprehensive, globally applicable treaty prohibition. The Maldives supported calls in the UN General Assembly fill this “legal gap”.

[PARTNERS]

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