Estonia

Nuclear-weapon endorser

Has not yet joined the TPNW

Summary

Estonia has not yet signed or ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It supports the retention and potential use of nuclear weapons on its behalf, as indicated by its endorsement of various alliance statements of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), of which it is a member.

 

National position

Estonia has voted against an annual UN General Assembly resolution that welcomes the adoption of the treaty and calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to it “at the earliest possible date”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Estonia did not participate in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and thus did not vote on its adoption. On the opening day of the negotiating conference, it joined the United States and several other states in protesting the treaty-making process.

In 2016, Estonia mistakenly voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”. It subsequently informed the UN secretariat that it had intended to vote against.

In a document sent to NATO members ahead of the vote, the United States “strongly encourage[d]” members, including Estonia, to vote against the resolution, “not to merely abstain”. In addition, it said that, if the treaty negotiations do commence, allies and partners should “refrain from joining them”.

Nuclear-weapon endorser

Has not yet joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Summary

Estonia has not yet signed or ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It supports the retention and potential use of nuclear weapons on its behalf, as indicated by its endorsement of various alliance statements of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), of which it is a member.

 

National position

Estonia has voted against an annual UN General Assembly resolution that welcomes the adoption of the treaty and calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to it “at the earliest possible date”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Estonia did not participate in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and thus did not vote on its adoption. On the opening day of the negotiating conference, it joined the United States and several other states in protesting the treaty-making process.

In 2016, Estonia mistakenly voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”. It subsequently informed the UN secretariat that it had intended to vote against.

In a document sent to NATO members ahead of the vote, the United States “strongly encourage[d]” members, including Estonia, to vote against the resolution, “not to merely abstain”. In addition, it said that, if the treaty negotiations do commence, allies and partners should “refrain from joining them”.

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