Brazil

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

Signed: 20 September 2017

 

Summary

Brazil has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

 

Signature

Michel Temer, the then-president of Brazil, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017, describing it as “a historic moment”.

Upon the treaty’s entry into force in January 2021, the foreign ministry reported that the treaty “is currently under consideration by the Brazilian national congress with a view to its ratification”. It was submitted to the congress in 2018. 

Michel Temer, the then-president of Brazil, signs the treaty at a high-level ceremony in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

 

Universalisation

Brazil has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in September 2019, Brazil described the adoption of the treaty as “an evolutionary leap for the disarmament and non-proliferation regime”, which “has significantly raised the moral barrier against these weapons”.

In October 2020, it described the treaty as “the most important international agreement negotiated in the field of disarmament in recent years”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Brazil participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Brazil described the conclusion of a treaty banning nuclear weapons as “a legal and moral duty of the international community” and “essential for the preservation of peace and our planet”.

Brazil, Austria, Ireland, Mexico, Nigeria, and South Africa comprised a “core group” of states that played a leading role in bringing the negotiations about and ensuring their ultimate success.

In 2016, Brazil co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Brazil was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 20 September 2017

 

Summary

Brazil has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

 

Signature

Michel Temer, the then-president of Brazil, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017, describing it as “a historic moment”.

Upon the treaty’s entry into force in January 2021, the foreign ministry reported that the treaty “is currently under consideration by the Brazilian national congress with a view to its ratification”. It was submitted to the congress in 2018. 

Michel Temer, the then-president of Brazil, signs the treaty at a high-level ceremony in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

 

Universalisation

Brazil has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in September 2019, Brazil described the adoption of the treaty as “an evolutionary leap for the disarmament and non-proliferation regime”, which “has significantly raised the moral barrier against these weapons”.

In October 2020, it described the treaty as “the most important international agreement negotiated in the field of disarmament in recent years”.

 

Treaty negotiations

Brazil participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Brazil described the conclusion of a treaty banning nuclear weapons as “a legal and moral duty of the international community” and “essential for the preservation of peace and our planet”.

Brazil, Austria, Ireland, Mexico, Nigeria, and South Africa comprised a “core group” of states that played a leading role in bringing the negotiations about and ensuring their ultimate success.

In 2016, Brazil co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Brazil was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

Brazilian Campaign Against Landmines and Cluster Munitions

Grupo de Praticas em Direito Humano e Direito Internacional 

[LOCALSUPPORT]