Brazil

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

SIGNED

20 September 2017

RATIFIED

 

IN FORCE

 

 

Status

Brazil has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW).

 

Signature

Michel Temer, the then-president of Brazil, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony in New York when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017, describing it as “a historic moment”.

Upon the TPNW’s entry into force in January 2021, the foreign ministry reported that the treaty “is currently under consideration by the Brazilian national congress with a view to its ratification”. It was submitted to the congress in 2018.

In a statement to the United Nations in October 2021, Brazil welcomed the TPNW’s entry into force as “a historic achievement, which embodies the growing international consensus that nuclear weapons must never again be used by anyone, anywhere, at any time”.

Michel Temer, the then-president of Brazil, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: ICAN

 

Universalisation

Brazil has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in 2019, Brazil described the adoption of the TPNW as “an evolutionary leap for the disarmament and non-proliferation regime”, which “has significantly raised the moral barrier against these weapons”.

In 2020, it hailed the TPNW as “the most important international agreement negotiated in the field of disarmament in recent years”.

 

Meetings of states parties

Brazil attended as an observer the first meeting of states parties to the TPNW, held in Vienna in June 2022. “Brazil is honored to participate as an observer in this historic first meeting of states parties of the TPNW,” it said, noting its active role in the treaty’s negotiation in 2017.

“Many years of paralysis in the core mechanisms of the disarmament regime, coupled with a crisis involving the main nuclear powers, places us at a critical juncture. It is time to re-energise diplomatic and multilateral efforts to bring us away from the brink of catastrophe. This meeting is a promising first step in that direction,” it said.

 

TPNW negotiations

Brazil participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Brazil described the conclusion of a treaty banning nuclear weapons as “a legal and moral duty of the international community” and “essential for the preservation of peace and our planet”.

In its closing statement, it described the TPNW’s adoption as “a milestone for the legal disarmament regime and for international peace and security”.

Brazil, Austria, Ireland, Mexico, Nigeria, and South Africa comprised a “core group” of states that played a leading role in bringing the negotiations about and ensuring their ultimate success.

In 2016, Brazil co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Brazil was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has signed the TPNW

Has not yet ratified the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

SIGNED

20 September 2017

RATIFIED

 

IN FORCE

 

 

Status

Brazil has signed but not yet ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW).

 

Signature

Michel Temer, the then-president of Brazil, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony in New York when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017, describing it as “a historic moment”.

Upon the TPNW’s entry into force in January 2021, the foreign ministry reported that the treaty “is currently under consideration by the Brazilian national congress with a view to its ratification”. It was submitted to the congress in 2018.

In a statement to the United Nations in October 2021, Brazil welcomed the TPNW’s entry into force as “a historic achievement, which embodies the growing international consensus that nuclear weapons must never again be used by anyone, anywhere, at any time”.

Michel Temer, the then-president of Brazil, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: ICAN

 

Universalisation

Brazil has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the United Nations in 2019, Brazil described the adoption of the TPNW as “an evolutionary leap for the disarmament and non-proliferation regime”, which “has significantly raised the moral barrier against these weapons”.

In 2020, it hailed the TPNW as “the most important international agreement negotiated in the field of disarmament in recent years”.

 

Meetings of states parties

Brazil attended as an observer the first meeting of states parties to the TPNW, held in Vienna in June 2022. “Brazil is honored to participate as an observer in this historic first meeting of states parties of the TPNW,” it said, noting its active role in the treaty’s negotiation in 2017.

“Many years of paralysis in the core mechanisms of the disarmament regime, coupled with a crisis involving the main nuclear powers, places us at a critical juncture. It is time to re-energise diplomatic and multilateral efforts to bring us away from the brink of catastrophe. This meeting is a promising first step in that direction,” it said.

 

TPNW negotiations

Brazil participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Brazil described the conclusion of a treaty banning nuclear weapons as “a legal and moral duty of the international community” and “essential for the preservation of peace and our planet”.

In its closing statement, it described the TPNW’s adoption as “a milestone for the legal disarmament regime and for international peace and security”.

Brazil, Austria, Ireland, Mexico, Nigeria, and South Africa comprised a “core group” of states that played a leading role in bringing the negotiations about and ensuring their ultimate success.

In 2016, Brazil co-sponsored the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Brazil was among 127 states that endorsed a “humanitarian pledge” in 2015–16 to cooperate “in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit, and eliminate nuclear weapons”. The pledge was instrumental in building momentum and support for convening the TPNW negotiations.

[PARTNERS]

Brazilian Campaign Against Landmines and Cluster Munitions

Grupo de Praticas em Direito Humano e Direito Internacional 

[LOCALSUPPORT]