Bangladesh

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

SIGNED

20 September 2017

RATIFIED

26 September 2019

IN FORCE

22 January 2021

 

Status

Bangladesh has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Abul Hassan Mahmood Ali, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Bangladesh, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony in New York when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

His successor, A. K. Abdul Momen, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 26 September 2019.

Abul Hassan Mahmood Ali, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Bangladesh, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: ICAN

In a statement to the United Nations on the day of Bangladesh’s ratification, Momen described the TPNW as “a critical building block” for a nuclear-weapon-free world. He said that, once in force, it would “serve as an important international instrument for stigmatising nuclear weapons”.

Bangladesh was the equal 28th state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

A. K. Abdul Momen, the minister of foreign affairs of Bangladesh, deposits the country’s instrument of ratification in 2019. Photo: ICAN

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Bangladesh submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 21 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, Bangladesh has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the first committee of the UN General Assembly in 2020, Bangladesh said that it felt encouraged by “the steady progress” towards universalisation of the TPNW.

ICAN’s executive director, Beatrice Fihn, discusses the TPNW with the prime minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, in Germany in 2019. Photo: Bangladesh MFA

 

Meetings of states parties

Bangladesh participated in the first meeting of states parties to the TPNW, held in Vienna in June 2022. “We must now redouble our efforts for full and effective implementation of the treaty,” it said. “At the same time, we must relentlessly work for universal adherence.”

 

TPNW negotiations

Bangladesh participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Bangladesh said that the treaty “can serve as an international common standard for stigmatising nuclear weapons and can send an unequivocal message about the inhuman and indiscriminate impact of the use of nuclear weapons”.

In 2016, Bangladesh voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Prior to the adoption of the TPNW in 2017, nuclear weapons were the only weapons of mass destruction not subject to a comprehensive, globally applicable treaty prohibition. Bangladesh supported calls in the UN General Assembly fill this “legal gap”.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

SIGNED

20 September 2017

RATIFIED

26 September 2019

IN FORCE

22 January 2021

 

Status

Bangladesh has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Abul Hassan Mahmood Ali, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Bangladesh, signed the TPNW at a high-level ceremony in New York when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017.

His successor, A. K. Abdul Momen, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 26 September 2019.

Abul Hassan Mahmood Ali, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Bangladesh, signs the TPNW in 2017. Photo: ICAN

In a statement to the United Nations on the day of Bangladesh’s ratification, Momen described the TPNW as “a critical building block” for a nuclear-weapon-free world. He said that, once in force, it would “serve as an important international instrument for stigmatising nuclear weapons”.

Bangladesh was the equal 28th state to ratify or accede to the TPNW.

A. K. Abdul Momen, the minister of foreign affairs of Bangladesh, deposits the country’s instrument of ratification in 2019. Photo: ICAN

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the TPNW, Bangladesh submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 21 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Per Article 12, Bangladesh has promoted universal adherence to the TPNW, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the first committee of the UN General Assembly in 2020, Bangladesh said that it felt encouraged by “the steady progress” towards universalisation of the TPNW.

ICAN’s executive director, Beatrice Fihn, discusses the TPNW with the prime minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, in Germany in 2019. Photo: Bangladesh MFA

 

Meetings of states parties

Bangladesh participated in the first meeting of states parties to the TPNW, held in Vienna in June 2022. “We must now redouble our efforts for full and effective implementation of the treaty,” it said. “At the same time, we must relentlessly work for universal adherence.”

 

TPNW negotiations

Bangladesh participated in the negotiation of the TPNW at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Bangladesh said that the treaty “can serve as an international common standard for stigmatising nuclear weapons and can send an unequivocal message about the inhuman and indiscriminate impact of the use of nuclear weapons”.

In 2016, Bangladesh voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Prior to the adoption of the TPNW in 2017, nuclear weapons were the only weapons of mass destruction not subject to a comprehensive, globally applicable treaty prohibition. Bangladesh supported calls in the UN General Assembly fill this “legal gap”.

[PARTNERS]

Center for Bangladesh Studies 

Website


Participatory Human Rights Advancement Society

Physicians for Social Responsibility

website

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  • Center for Bangladesh Studies 

    Website

  • Participatory Human Rights Advancement Society
  • Physicians for Social Responsibility

    website