Bangladesh

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 26 September 2019

 

Summary

Bangladesh has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Abul Hassan Mahmood Ali, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Bangladesh, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017. His successor, A. K. Abdul Momen, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 26 September 2019.

Abul Hassan Mahmood Ali, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Bangladesh, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

In a statement to the United Nations on the day of Bangladesh’s ratification, Momen described the treaty as “a critical building block” for a nuclear-weapon-free world. He said that, once in force, it would “serve as an important international instrument for stigmatising nuclear weapons”.

Bangladesh was the equal 28th state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

A. K. Abdul Momen, the minister of foreign affairs of Bangladesh, deposits the country’s instrument of ratification on 26 September 2019. Photo: ICAN

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the treaty, Bangladesh submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 21 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Bangladesh has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the first committee of the UN General Assembly in October 2020, Bangladesh said that it felt encouraged by “the steady progress” towards universalisation of the treaty.

ICAN’s executive director, Beatrice Fihn, discusses the treaty with the prime minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, in Germany in 2019. Photo: Bangladesh MFA

 

Treaty negotiations

Bangladesh participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Bangladesh said that the treaty “can serve as an international common standard for stigmatising nuclear weapons and can send an unequivocal message about the inhuman and indiscriminate impact of the use of nuclear weapons”.

In 2016, Bangladesh voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Prior to the adoption of the treaty in 2017, nuclear weapons were the only weapons of mass destruction not subject to a comprehensive, globally applicable treaty prohibition. Bangladesh supported calls in the UN General Assembly fill this “legal gap”.

Nuclear-weapon-free state

Has joined the TPNW

[HIGHLIGHTS]

Signed: 20 September 2017

Ratified: 26 September 2019

 

Summary

Bangladesh has signed and ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It was among the original 50 states parties to the treaty when it entered into force on 22 January 2021.

 

Signature and ratification

Abul Hassan Mahmood Ali, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Bangladesh, signed the treaty when it opened for signature on 20 September 2017. His successor, A. K. Abdul Momen, deposited the country’s instrument of ratification with the UN secretary-general on 26 September 2019.

Abul Hassan Mahmood Ali, the then-minister of foreign affairs of Bangladesh, signs the treaty in New York on 20 September 2017. Photo: ICAN

In a statement to the United Nations on the day of Bangladesh’s ratification, Momen described the treaty as “a critical building block” for a nuclear-weapon-free world. He said that, once in force, it would “serve as an important international instrument for stigmatising nuclear weapons”.

Bangladesh was the equal 28th state to ratify or accede to the treaty.

A. K. Abdul Momen, the minister of foreign affairs of Bangladesh, deposits the country’s instrument of ratification on 26 September 2019. Photo: ICAN

 

Implementation

In accordance with Article 2 of the treaty, Bangladesh submitted a declaration to the UN secretary-general on 21 February 2021 confirming that it does not own, possess, or control nuclear weapons, has never done so, and does not host any other state’s nuclear weapons on its territory.

Bangladesh has promoted universal adherence to the treaty, including by co-sponsoring and consistently voting in favour of an annual UN General Assembly resolution since 2018 that calls upon all states to sign, ratify, or accede to the treaty “at the earliest possible date”.

In a statement to the first committee of the UN General Assembly in October 2020, Bangladesh said that it felt encouraged by “the steady progress” towards universalisation of the treaty.

ICAN’s executive director, Beatrice Fihn, discusses the treaty with the prime minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, in Germany in 2019. Photo: Bangladesh MFA

 

Treaty negotiations

Bangladesh participated in the negotiation of the treaty at the United Nations in New York in 2017 and was among 122 states that voted in favour of its adoption.

In its opening statement to the negotiating conference, Bangladesh said that the treaty “can serve as an international common standard for stigmatising nuclear weapons and can send an unequivocal message about the inhuman and indiscriminate impact of the use of nuclear weapons”.

In 2016, Bangladesh voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolution that established the formal mandate for states to commence negotiations on “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination”.

 

Before the negotiations

Prior to the adoption of the treaty in 2017, nuclear weapons were the only weapons of mass destruction not subject to a comprehensive, globally applicable treaty prohibition. Bangladesh supported calls in the UN General Assembly fill this “legal gap”.

[PARTNERS]

Center for Bangladesh Studies 

Website


Participatory Human Rights Advancement Society

Physicians for Social Responsibility

website

[LOCALSUPPORT]

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  • Center for Bangladesh Studies 

    Website

  • Participatory Human Rights Advancement Society
  • Physicians for Social Responsibility

    website